Oil prices fell on Wednesday after industry data showed an increase in U.S. crude inventories and on demand concerns linked to a protracted trade war between China and the United States.
However, analysts said oil markets remained tight amid supply cuts by producer group OPEC and allies such as Russia, and as political tension escalates in the Middle East.
Brent crude futures were down 41 cents at $71.77 a barrel by 1339 GMT. U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures for July delivery were down 67 cents at $62.46.
“Neither renewed Middle East tensions nor possibly extended OPEC+ output cuts have managed to bump crude oil from its tight range. The reasons? Growing worries about the impact of the trade war on global economic growth as well as a stubbornly strong dollar,” said SaxoBank’s Ole Hansen.
In a trade war between China and the United States, no further talks between top officials have been scheduled since the last round ended in a stalemate on May 10.
The conflict is weighing on economic growth forecasts and with that, oil demand predictions. The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) on Tuesday revised down its global growth forecast for the year.
PVM’s Stephen Brennock said with the fragile balance in the market, any fresh development between the United States and Iran on the one hand and the United States and China on the other has the “potential to send prices $10 a barrel in either direction.”
Adding to bearish factors, industry body American Petroleum Institute (API) said on Tuesday that U.S. crude stockpiles rose by 2.4 million barrels last week.
Official data from the U.S Energy Information Administration’s oil stockpiles report is due at 1430 GMT. Analysts polled by Reuters estimated, on average, that crude inventories fell 600,000 barrels in the week to May 17.
Beyond market fundamentals, oil traders are looking to the tensions between the United States and Iran. On Tuesday, acting U.S. Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan said threats from Iran remained high.
Outside the United States, Saudi Arabia on Wednesday said it was committed to a balanced and sustainable oil market.
Saudi Arabia has been at the forefront of supply cuts led by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) that began in January.
U.S. bank Morgan Stanley said it expected Brent prices to trade in a $75-$80 per barrel range in the second-half of this year, pushed up by tight supply and demand fundamentals.
The physical oil market is also showing signs of tightness.
Qatar Petroleum has sold al-Shaheen July delivery crude at the highest average premium since 2013 on robust demand for medium-heavy grades in Asia, trade sources said.