Earnings from the oil and gas sector dropped 2.6 percent in the first quarter of 2020 to N1.5 trillion from N1.6 trillion realized in the fourth quarter of 2019, according to data released by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).
In its latest report titled Economic Report for the First Quarter of 2020, the apex bank disclosed that gross oil earnings accounted for 60.3 percent of N2.5 trillion total federally-collected revenue (gross) in the period under review.
In comparison, at N1.6 trillion, oil revenue accounted for 58.9 percent of the total federally-collected revenue of N2.7 trillion recorded in the fourth quarter of 2019.
Giving a breakdown of components of oil earnings in the first quarter of 2020, the CBN noted that crude oil and gas exports stood at N172.6 billion, rising by 47.1 percent from N117.3 billion recorded in the fourth quarter of 2019; while Petroleum Profit Tax/Royalties declined by 6.5 percent to N838.2 billion from N896.7 billion recorded in the previous quarter.
Other oil revenue also recorded a decline, dropping by 6.8 percent to N512.2 billion in the first quarter, compared to N549.6 billion recorded in the fourth quarter of 2019.
The CBN noted that, “At N2.527 trillion, federally-collected revenue, in the first quarter of 2020, was lower than the quarterly budget estimate of N3.948 trillion by 36.0 percent. Similarly, it fell below the receipt in the preceding quarter by 4.8 percent.
“The decline in federally-collected revenue (gross), relative to the quarterly budget estimate, was attributed to shortfalls in the receipt from both oil and non-oil revenue components during the review period.
“Gross oil receipt, at N1.523 trillion or 60.3 percent of the total revenue, was below the quarterly budget estimate and the receipt in the preceding quarter by 31.2 percent and 2.6 percent, respectively.
“The decline in oil revenue, relative to the quarterly budget estimate, was due to shortfall in the receipt from PPT and royalties.
“Non-oil revenue (gross), at N1.004 trillion or 39.7 percent of total revenue, fell below the quarterly budget estimate of N1.733 trillion by 42.1 percent. It also fell below the level in the preceding quarter by 8.0 percent.
“The lower non-oil revenue, relative to the quarterly budget estimate, was due to the decline in the receipt from Value Added Tax (VAT) and corporate tax.”
The CBN further stated that Nigeria’s crude oil production, including condensates and natural gas liquids, averaged 1.84 million barrels per day or 167.44 million barrels in the first quarter of 2020, representing a decrease of 1.1 percent, compared with the 1.85 million barrels per day or 170.20 million barrels produced in the preceding quarter.
It disclosed that Nigeria exported an estimated 1.39 million barrels per day of crude oil, representing a decrease of 0.7 percent, compared with the 1.40 million per day recorded in the preceding quarter.
According to the CBN, the estimated decrease in production was attributed to the aftermath of the December 2019 meeting by the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) where members and their allies pledged a further production cut by 500,000 barrels per day beginning from January 2020 to stabilize the global crude market.
The apex bank explained that the average spot price of Nigeria’s reference crude oil, the Bonny Light stood at $52.51 per barrel in the first quarter of 2020, representing a decrease of 20.1 percent and 18.9 percent below the $65.71 per barrel and $64.75 per barrel recorded in the fourth quarter of 2019 and the corresponding period of 2019, respectively.