The capital raised in domestic listings by African issuers increased for the second consecutive year, by 19.5 percent year-on-year to $1.4 billion in 2017, research in the latest Global Cross-Border Index from Baker McKenzie has revealed.
The report revealed that there were fewer domestic listings in Africa in 2017, with only seven domestic IPOs were recorded in Africa in the period under review.
However, the value of domestic IPOs was higher in 2017, $1,379 million, compared to $1,154 million in 2016, Business Post reports.
The report showed that there were two cross-border IPOS in Africa in 2017, both by Swiss Issuers: Aspire Global Plc listed on the Nasdaq First North Exchange, raising $38.96 million and Rainbow Rare Earths Ltd raised $8.22 million when it listed on the London Stock Exchange in 2017.
There were also two cross-border IPOS in Africa in 2016. In 2016, $246 million was raised through cross-border IPOs, compared to $47 million in 2017.
“Africa’s uneven FDI picture reflects the global uncertainty, but local challenges aggravate the unevenness. IPO activity is highly dependent on political and economic instability, particularly in the key markets of South Africa, Kenya, and Nigeria.
“In 2016, more FDI flowed to the hub economies, with new East and West Africa clusters emerging. This trend also dominated in 2017, and while South Africa has the most attractive exchange for issuances, the new clusters are shaping up to drive the IPO landscape going forward,” said Mr Wildu du Plessis, Partner and Head of Africa at Baker McKenzie in Johannesburg.
“African economies have also engaged in repricing. The most tangible manifestation of this repricing has been rapid fall in some currencies as export revenues slid. This has created shortages of foreign exchange.
“The currency slide, has in turn, led to an increase in consumer prices, which impacted the retail, logistics, and other consumer-oriented sectors. Currency falls, however, can also create longer-term opportunities, because assets become cheaper,” he said.
Mr Du Plessis noted further that as more governments across the continent engaged in the privatisation of state-owned entities and listings in the coming years, regulatory frameworks would be developed that would inspire market confidence in African bourses.
Globally, IPO volumes in 2017 reached the highest level since 2007. Momentum built through the year with an acceleration in both volume and value of capital raised in the second half.