Banks Loaning From CBN Increases By 27% To N4.5tn

How CBN Serviced Nigeria's Debt Portfolio With $13.1bn

In the midst of a growing liquidity crisis, banks in Nigeria borrowed a huge N4.5tn from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) in July, a 27 percent rise from the N3.6tn borrowed in June 2022. Banks get short-term funding from the apex bank through the Standing Lending Facility and repo lending.

While the CBN loans money to banks through the SLF at an interest rate that is 100 basis points higher than the Monetary Policy Rate, which is now 14.5%, it also lends money to banks through Repurchase Agreements (Repo). Because of their short-term maturity and government backing, repos are typically seen as less hazardous.

In the month under review, the CBN financial data shows that banks borrowing through the SLF dropped by 24.37 per cent MoM to N1.46tn in July, from N1.93tn in June, while borrowing through Repo arrangement rose sharply in July by 86.1 per cent MoM to N3.07tn from N1.65tn in June 2022.

Experts have, however, expressed that the money market is getting tighter due to macro-economic headwinds. The Vice President of Highcap Securities Limited, Mr. David Adnori, expressed uncertainty over the nation’s economy, saying the hike in interest rates and rising inflation rates had forced many banks to the CBN lending window, especially in July.

He said, “Banks without liquidity might have triggered the high borrowing from the CBN. Besides, economic uncertainty has started to surface following the 2023 general elections.”

Also, speaking, the Chief Executive Officer, Cowry Asset Management Limited, Johnson Chukwu, linked the development to low liquidity on the part of the banks.

He said, “The level of involvement of FAAC was not quite high in that month, there was no major inflow into the financial system and in the same month of July, there was a major outflow including the N180bn Dangote loan.

“So those outflows impacted pressures on the bank’s system liquidity that compelled banks to increase their borrowing from the lending facility.”

Meanwhile, further findings showed that banks during the first seven months of 2022 borrowed N13.36tn, representing a decline of 24 per cent from the N17.9tn borrowed in the prior seven months of 2021.

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