World Population Reaches 8 Billion Mark

This newborn baby was put to his mother's breast within 30 minutes of delivery, to ensure good attachment and to make sure the baby received the colostrum. Save the Children is one of the partners of PRINNMCH, which trained Hajiya Sakina, the Midwife at this clinic, who aiso the also the Nurse in Charge of the malnutrition clinic. Additional Information Save the Children’s Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) programme encourages breastfeeding. This can include back massages for mothers having difficulty to stimulate milk production. In this region of north Nigeria, when mothers can’t breastfeed they resort to feeding their infants fura (millet porridge), goat milk, or water and glucose. In this region, mixed feeding (breastmilk plus fura, animal milk or water and glucose) is predominant in infants, which frequently puts their babies’ lives at risk. In the week that the world’s population reaches 7 billion, this baby boy becomes his mother’s tenth child. Globally, 7.5 million children still die before reaching their fifth birthday every year. Most will have lived their short lives facing a daily struggle for survival in the world’s poorest countries, where infections are frequent and many families don’t have easy access to a doctor or nurse or other trained healthworker. But progress is being made. The seven billionth baby is more likely to reach the age of five than at any point in history. In 1987, when the five billionth baby was born, one in nine children never reached five years old. Today that figure is one in 16.

The World Population Prospects 2022 report, which was issued today on World Population Day, predicts that the world’s population will hit 8 billion people on November 15, 2022, and that India will overtake China as the world’s most populated nation in 2023.

“This year’s World Population Day falls during a milestone year, when we anticipate the birth of the Earth’s eight billionth inhabitant.

“This is an occasion to celebrate our diversity, recognize our common humanity, and marvel at advancements in health that have extended lifespans and dramatically reduced maternal and child mortality rates,” said UN Secretary-General António Guterres.

“At the same time, it is a reminder of our shared responsibility to care for our planet and a moment to reflect on where we still fall short of our commitments to one another,” he added.

In 2020, the world’s population actually decreased by less than 1%, rising at its sluggishest rate since 1950. According to the United Nations’ most recent estimates, the world’s population may reach 8.5 billion people in 2030 and 9.7 billion by 2050. The population is predicted to peak at 10.4 billion people in the 2080s and stay there until 2100.

According to World Population Prospects 2022, fertility has decreased significantly in several nations during the past few decades. Currently, two-thirds of the world’s population reside in regions or nations with lifetime fertility rates below 2.1 births per woman, or about the number needed for a population with low mortality to have long-term growth of zero.

The inhabitants of The populations of 61 countries or areas are projected to decrease by 1 per cent or more between 2022 and 2050, owing to sustained low levels of fertility and, in some cases, elevated rates of emigration.

More than half of the projected increase in the global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in eight countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and the United Republic of Tanzania. Countries of sub-Saharan Africa are expected to contribute more than half of the increase anticipated through 2050.

“The relationship between population growth and sustainable development is complex and multidimensional” said Liu Zhenmin, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs. “Rapid population growth makes eradicating poverty, combatting hunger and malnutrition, and increasing the coverage of health and education systems more difficult.

Conversely, achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, especially those related to health, education and gender equality, will contribute to reducing fertility levels and slowing global population growth.”

The proportion of the population that is working age (between 25 and 64 years old) has been rising across much of sub-Saharan Africa, as well as in several regions of Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean, as a result of recent declines in fertility.

The “demographic dividend,” or change in the age distribution, offers a limited window for enhanced per-capita economic development. Countries should invest in the further development of their human capital in order to maximize the potential advantages of a favorable age distribution.

To do this, they should make sure that everyone has access to quality healthcare and education, as well as encourage opportunities for productive employment and decent work.

The share of global population at ages 65 and above is projected to rise from 10 per cent in 2022 to 16 per cent in 2050. At that point, it is expected that the number of persons aged 65 years or over worldwide will be more than twice the number of children under age 5 and about the same as the number under age 12.

Countries with ageing populations should take steps to adapt public programmes to the growing numbers of older persons, including by establishing universal health care and long-term care systems and by improving the sustainability of social security and pension systems.

Global life expectancy at birth reached 72.8 years in 2019, an improvement of almost 9 years since 1990. Further reductions in mortality are projected to result in an average global longevity of around 77.2 years in 2050. Yet in 2021, life expectancy for the least developed countries lagged 7 years behind the global average.

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected all three components of population change. Global life expectancy at birth fell to 71.0 years in 2021. In some countries, successive waves of the pandemic may have produced short-term reductions in numbers of pregnancies and births, while for many other countries, there is little evidence of an impact on fertility levels or trends. The pandemic severely restricted all forms of human mobility, including international migration.

“Further actions by Governments aimed at reducing fertility would have little impact on the pace of population growth between now and mid-century, because of the youthful age structure of today’s global population.

“Nevertheless, the cumulative effect of lower fertility, if maintained over several decades, could be a more substantial deceleration of global population growth in the second half of the century,” added John Wilmoth, Director of the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Leave a Reply